Grammar schools must serve ‘ordinary families’

CREDIT: This story was first seen on the BBC

Education secretary Justine Greening wants England’s schools, including a new generation of grammars, to do more to help “ordinary working families”

The BBC reports that Justine Greening will outline in her speech that the school system needs to support those who are struggling and not “the privileged few”.

But new government analysis shows a majority of selective school places go to more affluent families.

Labour says this adds to the evidence that grammar schools do not support social mobility.

These “ordinary working families” are defined as not the poorest, but living on “modest incomes”, and likely to live in suburbs and coastal towns away from London.

Recent official figures showed that most child poverty is now in working families.

Helping these struggling, working families, missed by other poverty measures, has become a focus of Ms Greening’s education reforms.

The government is committed to creating new grammar schools – and she told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme that she wanted grammars to do much more to ensure access for children from all backgrounds.

The current dominance of middle class families in taking places was a “case for not keeping the status quo”, she said.

She said grammars were popular with parents and that less affluent families could be “priced out of the market” from living in areas with grammar schools.

But Ms Greening declined to say whether she wanted grammars to have quotas to ensure a more mixed social intake

In a speech at St Mary’s University in Twickenham the education secretary will say “ordinary working families shouldn’t have to ‘make do'”, arguing they are “the backbone of our economy, of our country”.

The education secretary will say that these families “need more good schools”.

“I believe that selection, in new, 21st Century state grammar schools, will add to the options available to young people, to truly help make the most of their talents.

“And grammars should not just be for one better off group in society to attend. We want to see more children from disadvantaged families get into grammars – that’s vital.”

She will say that she wants all grammar schools to change their admissions code to give priority to disadvantaged children.

Ms Greening will say “many young people from an ordinary working class background already attend our existing grammar schools”.

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But Labour’s shadow education secretary Angela Rayner said the government had “cooked the books”, but still could not “hide from the fact that grammar schools do not aid social mobility”.

“In effect they’ve not been able to find the evidence to back up their ideological policy, so they’ve created some themselves.”

Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron said that “pupils of working families are getting stuffed by this plan, yet again”.

“Rather than making every state school excellent the government want to spend more cash on another ideological experiment.”

Head teachers’ leader Russell Hobby said the government seemed “fixated” on expanding academic selection.

“Despite all the evidence showing the harmful effects on social mobility, the government is committed to delivering a policy for the few at the expense of the many,” said Mr Hobby.

A consultation published by the government on Wednesday, examining how schools should support such “ordinary working families”, shows affluent children are currently much more likely to take places in grammar schools.

The consultation shows 36% of places are taken by children from families with below-average incomes but not receiving free meals, compared with 53% of places taken by families with above-average incomes.

In non-selective secondary schools, there are 35% of pupils from these “ordinary” families, and 32% from more affluent families, a much lower proportion than in grammars.

The analysis also says these “ordinary families” are more likely to miss out on places in outstanding schools, compared with children from better-off families.

The consultation says while there has been much attention and support for the very poorest families, there is “very limited understanding” of the experiences of children in families of “modest incomes”.

St Mary’s University, where Ms Greening is speaking, recently published research showing that counting pupils eligible for free school meals had become an unreliable measure of poverty.

The researchers said that focusing on these pupils missed families who might be working multiple jobs and living in precarious financial circumstances, but above the threshold for free meals.

The study warned that using proportions of free school meal pupils had also become an unreliable way of assessing the fairness of admissions systems.

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